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     Innovation, the elixir (灵丹妙药) of progress, has always cost people their jobs. In the Industrial Revolution hand weavers were ___1___ aside by the mechanical loom. Over the past 30 years the digital revolution has ___2___ many of the mid-skill jobs that underpinned 20th-century middle-class life. Typists, ticketagents, bank tellers and many production-line jobs have been dispensed with,just as the weavers were.

  For those who believe that technological progress has made the world a better place, such disruption is a natural part of rising ___3__. Although innovation kills some jobs, it creates new and better ones, as a more ___4__ society becomes richer and its wealthier inhabitants demand more goods and services. A hundred years ago one in three American workers was __5___ on a farm. Today less than 2% of them produce far more food. The millions freed from the land were not rendered ___6___, but found better-paid work as the economy grew more sophisticated. Today the pool of secretaries has___7__, but there are ever more computer programmers and web designers.

  Optimism remains the right starting-point, but for workers the dislocating effects of technology may make themselves evident faster than its ___8__. Even if new jobs and wonderful products emerge, in the short term income gaps will widen, causing huge social dislocation and perhaps even changing politics. Technology's ___9__ will feel like a tornado (旋风), hitting the rich world first, but ___10___ sweeping through poorer countries too. No government is prepared for it.
A. benefits 
B. displaced 
C. employed 
D. eventually 
E. impact 
F. jobless
G.. primarily
H. productive
I. prosperity
J. responsive
K.. rhythm
L. sentiments
M. shrunk
N. swept
O. withdrawn

1.[选词填空]
    • 解题思路:sweep aside + N 将……扫到一边,文中是比喻用法。In the Industrial Revolution hand weavers were swept aside by the mechanical loom. 在工业革命中,机器式织布机代替了手工织布工人。
    2.[选词填空]
      • 解题思路:根据句意,此处是指技术的影响力就像一阵旋风,先吹过富国,最终也会掠过较为贫穷的国家,填入的副词应显示出时间发展的先后顺序。由此可知答案为eventually“最后”。
      3.[选词填空]
        • 解题思路:The millions freed from the land were not rendered jobless, but found better-paid work as the economy grew more sophisticated. 那些离开农场数以百万计的工人没有失业,相反,当经济增加更为多样化的时候,他们也找到了薪水更高的工作。
        4.[选词填空]
          • 解题思路:Today the pool of secretaries has shrunk, but there are ever more computer programmers and web designers. 现在,当秘书的人少了,但是当电脑程序员和网页设计师的人却多了。
          5.[选词填空]
            • 解题思路:A hundred years ago one in three American workers was employed on a farm. 100年前,有三分之一的美国工人在农场工作。
            6.[选词填空]
              • 解题思路:displace many of the mid-skill jobs 取代了许多需要中等技术水平的工作。
              7.[选词填空]
                • 解题思路:Although innovation kills some jobs, it creates new and better ones, as a more productive society becomes richer and its wealthier inhabitants demand more goods and services. 虽然技术创新使一些岗位消失了,但是创新带来了更多更好的岗位。因为。当一个生产力更高的社会(文都)变得更富有时,富裕起来的人们也就需要更多的产品和服务。
                8.[选词填空]
                  • 解题思路:Optimism remains the right starting-point, but for workers the dislocating effects of technology may make themselves evident faster than its benefits. 乐观主义者的出发点是正确的,但是对于工人来说,技术对工作岗位所带来的混乱影响远比技术所带来的好处更为明显。
                  9.[选词填空]
                    • 解题思路:Technology's impact will feel like a tornado, hitting the rich world first, but eventually sweeping through poorer countries too. 技术的冲击犹如一场龙卷风,首先影响发达国家,但是终究也会席卷那些不发达的国家。
                    10.[选词填空]
                      • 解题思路:such disruption is a natural part of rising prosperity 这种破坏性(指技术进步造成个别技术含量不高的岗位的事失业)是逐渐繁荣的过程中所必经的阶段。
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